This gallery features finds from the renowned collection of artefacts excavated at the Roman town of Calleva Atrebatum near Silchester.
The Roman town lay largely undisturbed for over 1,000 years until large-scale excavations began in the 1860s. The finds included jewellery, fine glass and pottery, sculpture, mosaics, iron tools and coins. Fabulous objects of all kinds from the site are on display in the gallery.
Visiting the gallery will reveal the home life of a wealthy citizen; the political and legal life of the Forum and Basilica; the social scene at the baths; and the shops, inns and workshops of the town.
Finds from the extraordinary Roman city of Silchester did not disappoint with fine specimens of pottery, glass etc.. and a model of how the city once looked.Reading Museum visitor
The Silchester eagle is a cast bronze figure of an eagle found by Rev J.G. Joyce in the Basilica on the 9 October 1866. Its wings, now missing, would originally have been outstretched. The curve of the feet suggests that it stood on a globe. It is not a military eagle but is probably part of a large figure of an emperor or a god.
The eagle was repaired during its lifetime when replacement wings and probably new feet were fitted. It was then damaged again when it lost its replacement wings and suffered damage to its replacement feet.
This figure inspired Rosemary Sutcliff's books The Eagle of the Ninth and The Silver Branch.
Today, the complete and well preserved town wall and amphitheatre, are the principal remains that you can visit and are looked after by English Heritage. Since the 1970s excavations led by the University of Reading have provided new insights into Calleva's Iron Age origins, the Roman town and later occupation.